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  • Comment on "The global tree restoration potential" October 17, 2019
    Bastin et al. (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) claim that global tree restoration is the most effective climate change solution to date, with a reported carbon storage potential of 205 gigatonnes of carbon. However, this estimate and its implications for climate mitigation are inconsistent with the dynamics of the global carbon cycle and its […]
    Friedlingstein, P., Allen, M., Canadell, J. G., Peters, G. P., Seneviratne, S. I.
  • Comment on "The global tree restoration potential" October 17, 2019
    Bastin et al. (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) neglect considerable research into forest-based climate change mitigation during the 1980s and 1990s. This research supports some of their findings on the area of land technically suitable for expanding tree cover, and can be used to extend their analysis to include the area of actually available […]
    Grainger, A., Iverson, L. R., Marland, G. H., Prasad, A.
  • Response to Comments on "The global tree restoration potential" October 17, 2019
    Our study quantified the global tree restoration potential and its associated carbon storage potential under existing climate conditions. We received multiple technical comments, both supporting and disputing our findings. We recognize that several issues raised in these comments are worthy of discussion. We therefore provide a detailed common answer where we show that our original […]
    Bastin, J.-F., Finegold, Y., Garcia, C., Gellie, N., Lowe, A., Mollicone, D., Rezende, M., Routh, D., Sacande, M., Sparrow, B., Zohner, C. M., Crowther, T. W.
  • Coordination between stochastic and deterministic specification in the Drosophila visual system October 17, 2019
    Sensory systems use stochastic fate specification to increase their repertoire of neuronal types. How these stochastic decisions are coordinated with the development of their targets is unknown. In the Drosophila retina, two subtypes of ultraviolet-sensitive R7 photoreceptors are stochastically specified. In contrast, their targets in the brain are specified through a deterministic program. We identified […]
    Courgeon, M., Desplan, C.
  • Comment on "The global tree restoration potential" October 17, 2019
    Bastin et al.’s estimate (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) that tree planting for climate change mitigation could sequester 205 gigatonnes of carbon is approximately five times too large. Their analysis inflated soil organic carbon gains, failed to safeguard against warming from trees at high latitudes and elevations, and considered afforestation of savannas, grasslands, and […]
    Veldman, J. W., Aleman, J. C., Alvarado, S. T., Anderson, T. M., Archibald, S., Bond, W. J., Boutton, T. W., Buchmann, N., Buisson, E., Canadell, J. G., Dechoum, M. d. S., Diaz-Toribio, M. H., Durigan, G., Ewel, J. J., Fernandes, G. W., Fidelis, A., Fleischman, F., Good, S. P., Griffith, D. M., Hermann, J.-M., Hoffmann, W. A., Le Stradic, S., Lehmann, C. E. R., Mahy, G., Nerlekar, A. N., Nippert, J. B., Noss, R. F., Osborne, C. P., Overbeck, G. E., Parr, C. L., Pausas, J. G., Pennington, R. T., Perring, M. P., Putz, F. E., Ratnam, J., Sankaran, M., Schmidt, I. B., Schmitt, C. B., Silveira, F. A. O., Staver, A. C., Stevens, N., Still, C. J., Strömberg, C. A. E., Temperton, V. M., Varner, J. M., Zaloumis, N. P.
  • Adaptive archaic introgression of copy number variants and the discovery of previously unknown human genes October 17, 2019
    Copy number variants (CNVs) are subject to stronger selective pressure than single-nucleotide variants, but their roles in archaic introgression and adaptation have not been systematically investigated. We show that stratified CNVs are significantly associated with signatures of positive selection in Melanesians and provide evidence for adaptive introgression of large CNVs at chromosomes 16p11.2 and 8p21.3 […]
    Hsieh, P., Vollger, M. R., Dang, V., Porubsky, D., Baker, C., Cantsilieris, S., Hoekzema, K., Lewis, A. P., Munson, K. M., Sorensen, M., Kronenberg, Z. N., Murali, S., Nelson, B. J., Chiatante, G., Maggiolini, F. A. M., Blanche, H., Underwood, J. G., Antonacci, F., Deleuze, J.-F., Eichler, E. E.
  • Comment on "The global tree restoration potential" October 17, 2019
    Bastin et al. (Reports, 5 July 2019, p. 76) state that the restoration potential of new forests globally is 205 gigatonnes of carbon, conclude that "global tree restoration is our most effective climate change solution to date," and state that climate change will drive the loss of 450 million hectares of existing tropical forest by […]
    Lewis, S. L., Mitchard, E. T. A., Prentice, C., Maslin, M., Poulter, B.
  • Down and down the energy cascade October 17, 2019
    Stajic, J.
  • Escaping 'The Waiting Place October 17, 2019
    Pickle, N.
  • Isolated cortical computations during delta waves support memory consolidation October 17, 2019
    Delta waves have been described as periods of generalized silence across the cortex, and their alternation with periods of endogenous activity results in the slow oscillation of slow-wave sleep. Despite evidence that delta waves are instrumental for memory consolidation, their specific role in reshaping cortical functional circuits remains puzzling. In a rat model, we found […]
    Todorova, R., Zugaro, M.