RSS Science News

  • Magma reservoir failure and the onset of caldera collapse at Kilauea Volcano in 2018 December 5, 2019
    Caldera-forming eruptions are among Earth’s most hazardous natural phenomena, yet the architecture of subcaldera magma reservoirs and the conditions that trigger collapse are poorly understood. Observations from the formation of a 0.8–cubic kilometer basaltic caldera at Kīlauea Volcano in 2018 included the draining of an active lava lake, which provided a window into pressure decrease […]
    Anderson, K. R., Johanson, I. A., Patrick, M. R., Gu, M., Segall, P., Poland, M. P., Montgomery-Brown, E. K., Miklius, A.
  • The tangled tale of Kilaueas 2018 eruption as told by geochemical monitoring December 5, 2019
    Changes in magma chemistry that affect eruptive behavior occur during many volcanic eruptions, but typical analytical techniques are too slow to contribute to hazard monitoring. We used rapid energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence analysis to measure diagnostic elements in lava samples within a few hours of collection during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption. The geochemical data provided important […]
    Gansecki, C., Lee, R. L., Shea, T., Lundblad, S. P., Hon, K., Parcheta, C.
  • A timely look into electron-phonon coupling December 5, 2019
    Stajic, J.
  • New Products December 5, 2019
  • Europe to lead in monitoring carbon from space December 5, 2019
    Clery, D.
  • Direct determination of mode-projected electron-phonon coupling in the time domain December 5, 2019
    Ultrafast spectroscopies have become an important tool for elucidating the microscopic description and dynamical properties of quantum materials. In particular, by tracking the dynamics of nonthermal electrons, a material’s dominant scattering processes can be revealed. Here, we present a method for extracting the electron-phonon coupling strength in the time domain, using time- and angle-resolved photoemission […]
    Na, M. X., Mills, A. K., Boschini, F., Michiardi, M., Nosarzewski, B., Day, R. P., Razzoli, E., Sheyerman, A., Schneider, M., Levy, G., Zhdanovich, S., Devereaux, T. P., Kemper, A. F., Jones, D. J., Damascelli, A.
  • Embryonal precursors of Wilms tumor December 5, 2019
    Adult cancers often arise from premalignant clonal expansions. Whether the same is true of childhood tumors has been unclear. To investigate whether Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma; a childhood kidney cancer) develops from a premalignant background, we examined the phylogenetic relationship between tumors and corresponding normal tissues. In 14 of 23 cases studied (61%), we found premalignant […]
    Coorens, T. H. H., Treger, T. D., Al-Saadi, R., Moore, L., Tran, M. G. B., Mitchell, T. J., Tugnait, S., Thevanesan, C., Young, M. D., Oliver, T. R. W., Oostveen, M., Collord, G., Tarpey, P. S., Cagan, A., Hooks, Y., Brougham, M., Reynolds, B. C., Barone, G., Anderson, J., Jorgensen, M., Burke, G. A. A., Visser, J., Nicholson, J. C., Smeulders, N., Mushtaq, I., Stewart, G. D., Campbell, P. J., Wedge, D. C., Martincorena, I., Rampling, D., Hook, L., Warren, A. Y., Coleman, N., Chowdhury, T., Sebire, N., Drost, J., Saeb-Parsy, K., Stratton, M. R., Straathof, K., Pritchard-Jones, K., Behjati, S.
  • More DC subtypes revealed December 5, 2019
    Kelly, P. N.
  • Imaging heavy Dirac fermions December 5, 2019
    Stajic, J.
  • Wishlist-worthy books for young readers December 5, 2019
    Balasubramani, A., Sills, J., Wible, B., Ash, C., Stewart, H., Hines, P. J., Ucko, H. N., Nusinovich, Y., Zahn, L. M., Funk, M. A., Scanlon, S., Cho, A., Bradford, M., Lavine, M. S., Sugden, A., Smith, N., Glassley, W. E.